What are Stem Cells?
Stem cells are biological cells and are the body’s raw materials. They have the ability to differentiate into cells with specialized functions (such as for bone, blood or muscle) and can divide to produce more of the same type of stem cells. They have ability to replace dying cells and regenerate damaged tissue. As new research and treatment strategies have emerged, stem cell therapy has risen in popularity for the management of degenerative joint conditions. Stem cells that are currently used are typically derived from either bone marrow or adipose tissue.
What is Adipose Tissue?
- Adipose tissue, or body fat, is one of the main types of connective tissue in the body. Adipose tissue is located:
- Beneath the skin (subcutaneous fat)
- Around internal organs (visceral fat)
- In bone marrow (yellow bone marrow)
- Intermuscular (Muscular system)
- In the breast tissue
Adipose tissue is found in specific locations in the body, which are known as adipose depots.
Recent advances in biotechnology have allowed for the harvesting of adult stem cells from adipose tissue, allowing stimulation of tissue regrowth using a patient’s own cells. In addition, adipose-derived stem cells from both human and animals reportedly can be efficiently reprogrammed into induced pluripotent stem cells without the need for feeder cells. The use of a patient’s own cells reduces the chance of tissue rejection and avoids ethical issues associated with the use of human embryonic stem cells. A growing body of evidence also suggests that different fat depots (i.e. abdominal, omental, pericardial) yield adipose-derived stem cells with different characteristics. These depot-dependent features include proliferation rate, immunopheno type, differentiation potential, gene expression, as well as sensitivity to hypoxic culture conditions.
What are Adipose Stem Cells?
Adipose (fat) stem cells (ASCs) are an attractive and abundant stem cell source with therapeutic applicability in diverse fields for the repair and regeneration of acute and chronically damaged tissues. Their main advantage over stem cells derived from other sources, (such as bone marrow) is that they can be easily and repeatable harvested using minimally invasive techniques with low risk.
How Do Adipose Stem Cell Injections Work?
Stem cell therapy is a form of regenerative medicine that obtains high concentrations of stem cells to create an environment for the body to heal itself without the need for medications or steroid injections. A high concentration of these cells is obtained from the patient’s own bone marrow or fat tissues (adipose) or from a purified amniotic tissue. When stem cells are injected into an area of injury, they enable the body’s natural healing processes to be dramatically accelerated. The cells can stimulate the formation of many different types of tissue including cartilage, tendon, ligaments, bone and fibrous connective tissues.
Stem Cell therapy is personalized medicine, and we develop a personalized treatment plan for each patient based on his or her particular pain condition.
If you are suffering from chronic pain, call us today at 818-325-2088 for a consultation with a pain specialist at CSPP.