What is Bone Marrow?

Bone marrow is the soft spongy tissue that is found in the center of your bones. In adults, marrow in the large bones is the production center of your red bloods cells, white blood cells and plasma components. Since this is the location of production, immature forms of these cells, called stem cells, will be found there.

What is Bone Marrow Aspirate Concentrate?

Bone marrow aspirate concentrate (BMAC) is a promising cutting-edge regenerative therapy to help accelerate healing in moderate to severe osteoarthritis and tendon injuries. It is made from fluid taken from bone marrow, and contains stem cells that can help the healing of some bone and joint conditions. Bone marrow aspirate concentrate is obtained with a non-surgical, minimally invasive procedure.

What are Stem Cells?

Stem cells are biological cells and are the body’s raw materials. They have the ability to differentiate into cells with specialized functions (such as for bone, blood or muscle) and can divide to produce more of the same type of stem cells. They have the ability to replace dying cells and regenerate damaged tissue, and therefore serve as active healing agents in the body. They have the ability to decrease inflammation and restore a healthier environment within a painful joint.

As new research and treatment strategies have emerged, stem cell therapy has risen in popularity for the management of degenerative joint conditions.  Stem cells that are currently used are typically derived from either bone marrow or adipose tissue.

How Do Stem Cell Injections Work?

Stem cell therapy is a form of regenerative medicine that obtains high concentrations of stem cells to create an environment for the body to heal itself without the need for medications or steroid injections. A high concentration of these cells is obtained from the patient’s own bone marrow or fat tissues (adipose) or from a purified amniotic tissue. When stem cells are injected into an area of injury, they enable the body’s natural healing processes to be dramatically accelerated. The cells can stimulate the formation of many different types of tissue including cartilage, tendon, ligaments, bone and fibrous connective tissues.

Stem Cell therapy is personalized medicine, and we develop a personalized treatment plan for each patient based on his or her particular pain condition.

What Conditions Can it be Used For?

Stem cells can be used to help with bone healing, cartilage repair and new blood vessel growth. The most common conditions it can be used to treat are moderate to severe osteoarthritis and tendon injuries in many areas of the body, including:

  • Knee Pain
  • Hip Pain
  • Shoulder Pain
  • Elbow Pain
  • Wrist/Hand Pain
  • Ankle & Foot Pain
  • Spine Pain

How Does The Procedure Work?

After the patient is put under sedation or general anesthesia, a needle is used to remove bone marrow from within the bone. Marrow is typically taken from the pelvis but may be taken from other sites.

The sample of bone marrow is removed and then spun down in a centrifuge to separate the cells. A liquid is produced that has a high concentration of stem cells, and the pain management doctor injects the stems cells directly into the surgical site. After aspiration, there usually is pain at the pelvis that goes away within several days. A small dressing or bandage is kept at the aspiration site until it has healed.

Is the Procedure Painful?

The stem cells can be easily obtained while the patient is under sedation, and the stem cell injection can be performed with minimal discomfort by a simple office procedure. After the injection, soreness at the injection site is sometimes present, but it usually resolves on its own within a few days after the injection.

If you are suffering from chronic pain and would like to learn more about bone marrow aspirate concentrate stem cell injection, call us today at 818-325-2088 for a consultation with a pain specialist at CSPP.